Diving at Kőbánya mine system
Kőbánya mine system:
AKA Kőbánya cellar system.
Kőbánya is also the name of Budapest 10th district. The whole area was named after this mine. Kőbánya means Stone mine (kő=stone bánya=mine) .
In total the more than 30 km long system basically a huge maze.
The floor area of the mine system about 180 000 m². The tunnels and "rooms" height vary between 4 and 10 meters.
Inside the mine system the air temperature stable all year around the same cold about 6 °C. There are areas that got flooded by the ground-water and this lucky event makes possible the dives here. The water temparuter is somewhat refreshing about 11-12 °C also the same all year round.
In Kőbánya there are four main dive sites with four separate entrances to each of them. 3 of these require full cave certification and adequate gear set up naturally.
All those 3 are 100% submerged.
BUT there is one which is even more extraordinary, only 1 has an air-filled surface are so this one even open water divers allowed to visit.
More of this in the dive sites section
Brief History of the mineNot even many locals know about its existence despite its 1st mention goes back to the year 1244. The stones from this mine you can see in many the buildings of Budapest. After the mining stopped the system was used for various purposes.
Eventually, diving became possible when the local beer factory stopped using the wells, and the water filled up those 4 spots.
Dive sites of Kőbánya:
Park kút /Park = park kút= well/The one called Park kút is a bit of an exception as this one has a big room area in which the diver can enter the air-filled surface without obstacles. Park kút 's bigger room section is to some degree like as a swimming pool. Hence the fact here even open water divers can dive and even with a single-cylinder setup. But if one wishes to dive here like this it's very important to keep in mind some restrictions. Only full cave divers allowed to enter the parts which have a ceiling as well. And all diver has to be familiar with the cold and dark environment. However, the area has an open-air top but the sunlight can not enter here there are artificial lights but it's generally dark. But for those who have night dive practice and don't afraid of the refreshing 11-12 °C of water this place offers a very unique dive experience. A drysuit is not a prerequisite but highly recommended.
Két lyuk a falban /2 holes in the wall/A really nice place to dive. Location close to the main entrance of the mine system. We can park near so no need for long wallks. The entrance itself is a bit longer staircase which ends in water. So for big groups there is not much surface area. The whole are is completly floded only those who have overhead environment training can dive here, with the adequate gear.
Water temparuter: 11-12 °C Visibility: normally great there is no flow, no percolation, only divers can destroy it for themself.
Once we enter the water and start the dive we need to fallow the staircase way down. Abount 12 m deep the starse take a turn left so are we, with keep fallowing along the way the steps are ends and we reaching the depth about 14 m meters. Then we see a bigger hallway like area and and from there we reach the main room a big area about 15m. This room has two holes on each side of the walls. Both can be entered and both are shallower dead end tunnels.
If we go deeper we can decend 2 levels in the main room where we can fallow an other steps down these are metal steps.
Max. depth 32,6 meter.
Csirázó /Germinating/more coming soon
Kerti kút /Garden well/more coming soon
Diving at Kőbánya
How & When can you dive at KőbányaIt's necessary to arrange an appointment. Schedule depedns on the previous agrement. I dive there frequvently (more or less weekly) but alwasy on previously arranged appointments. It's important to make dives pleasent one for everyone and avoid over crovded stiuations as many divers like to dive at Kőbánya. Spot we dive deppending on the diver's level. Dives can be done even if you don't have overhead certificaion, but than we have to chose Park kút. For recreational divers minimum AOWD level and and at least 50 loged dives preferable, for them drysuit is not mandatory but highy recomanded. If they still chose to dive in wetsuit 7mm minimum and on top the usual gear, hood and glows also really imortant as well as lamps. Divers who have overhead certification free to choose a spot.
Dive gearDive gear I can rent you some gear such as tanks lead, no problem. Other dive gear too but it's important to clarify before the dive what you have and what might you need to borrow.
What you better know before dive at the Kőbánya mine systemHow to prepare for a special environment?
It's cold (obviously) so better to bring a jacket even on the hottest summer day.